Staten Island () is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Richmond County, in the U.S. state of New York. Located in the southwest allocation of the city, the borough is separated from New Jersey by the Arthur slay and the Kill Van Kull and from the descend of New York by New York Bay. With an estimated population of 476,143 in 2019, Staten Island is the least-populated of the boroughs but is the third-largest in land area at 58.5 sq mi (152 km2).
Home to Lenape natives, the island was settled by Dutch colonists in the 17th century. It was one of the 12 original counties of New York state. Staten Island was consolidated in the proclaim of New York City in 1898. It was the Borough of Richmond until 1975, when its reveal was distorted to Borough of Staten Island. Staten Island has sometimes been called “the forgotten borough” by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government.
The North Shore—especially the neighborhoods of St. George, Tompkinsville, Clifton, and Stapleton—is the most urban portion of the island; it contains the designated St. George Historic District and the St. Paul’s Avenue-Stapleton Heights Historic District, which feature large Victorian houses. The East Shore is home to the 2.5-mile (4 km) F.D.R. Boardwalk, the fourth-longest boardwalk in the world. The South Shore, site of the 17th-century Dutch and French Huguenot settlement, developed hastily beginning in the 1960s and 1970s and is now mostly suburban in character. The West Shore is the least populated and most industrial allocation of the island.
Motor traffic can accomplish the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge and Bayonne Bridge. Staten Island has Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) bus lines and an MTA terse transit line, the Staten Island Railway, which runs from the ferry terminal at St. George to Tottenville. Staten Island is the by yourself borough that is not associated to the New York City Subway system. The pardon Staten Island Ferry connects the borough to Manhattan across New York Harbor. It provides views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.