New York City (NYC), often called simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed greater than about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York City is then the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan Place in the world by urban landmass. With on the subject of 20 million people in its metropolitan statistical Place and nearly 23 million in its whole statistical area, it is one of the world’s most populous megacities. New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, significantly influencing commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important middle for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is a county of the State of New York. The five boroughs—Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island—were created bearing in mind local governments were consolidated into a single city in 1898. The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for valid immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York is house to exceeding 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016. As of 2019 , the New York metropolitan area is estimated to fabricate a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $2.0 trillion. If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.
New York City traces its origins to a trading say founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 upon Lower Manhattan; the publish was named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings came below English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England established the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was considering renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been each time named New York previously November 1674. New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U.S. by ship in the late 19th and prematurely 20th centuries, and is a parable of the U.S. and its ideals of release and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity, entrepreneurship, and environmental sustainability, and as a metaphor of pardon and cultural diversity. In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of on culmination of 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.
Many districts and landmarks in New York City are with ease known, including three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013. A autograph album 62.8 million tourists visited New York City in 2017. Times Square is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry. Many of the city’s landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world. Manhattan’s genuine estate puff is accompanied by the most costly in the world. Providing continuous 24/7 sustain and contributing to the nickname The City that Never Sleeps, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator sharp transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. The city has higher than 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban public the academy system in the United States. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s leading financial center and the most financially powerful city in the world, and is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges by sum market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.